Monday, March 03, 2003

Making Indian Bread

Almost all Indian breads are made from Atta( Whole wheat flour), refined wheat flour (Maida), Chickpea flour (Besan), or Corn flour (Makki),

Atta is divided into
Hard wheat ( Requires healp of yeast to break it down. Most breads, Indian breads made from this. ( high in gluten, protein)
Soft wheat. Used to make biscuits, pastries etc,
Durum > Used for pasta ( high in gluten, protein)
Proteins support fermentation.

250 g Atta
30 ml natural yoghurt
5 ml salt
115 ml lukewarm water

Naan is made in a tandoor, but you can achieve a simar effect with two unglazed tiles inside your oven and preheating them. The space between them simulates a taandoor.The temperature inside a tandoor is around 600 F.

Place flour, yoghurt and salt in a mixing bowl. Mix in water, a little at a time, using your hands. Add just enough water to make a soft, slightly sticky dough. Knead lightly for 30 seconds, then place in a greased bowl.

Missi Roti
a) 1 1/2 cup Atta
b) 1/4 cup Kadalai mavu (Besan)
c) pinch of salt.
d) 2 Tablespoon of butter.
e) 1/2 cup warm water.

Mix dry ingredients and sift. Knead in butter. Knead using warm water. Let stand about 1 hour. Heat a flat griddle. Make a ball about the size of a golf ball (1" diameter). Roll it in to a 6" diameter flat round pancake

a) 2 cups soft-wheat flour (Maida)
b) 1 cup Atta
c) 1/2 teaspoon baking powder
d) pinch of salt
e) 1/3 cup Ghee
f) 1/2 cup yogurt Dahi
g) 1/4 cup warm water

Step 1: Sift dry items a) through d)
Step 2: Cut the butter in the flour well
Step 3: Knead in yogurt.
Step 4: Continue kneading with warm water.
Step 5: Let stand about six to eight hours at room temperature.
Step 6: Make a ball about 2" diameter and roll it out about 7" diameter. Heat a griddle to medium heat. Cook on the griddle about two minutes. Turn over, it should be lightly brown. Cook another minute or so. Kulcha is ready. Optionally, butter the bread on one or both sides. Serve hot.

Naan >> Recipe 2

Naans are supposed to be moist and thin.

a) 1 pinch of dry yeast
b) white sugar
c) cup warm water
d) egg, beaten or Yogurt or milk
f) salt
g) Atta
h) cup Ghee
Mix them, allow them to rise and bake them.


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